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A-Z of animals : Aardvark to Cuscus

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AardvarkAlthough the Aardvark, "earth pig", endemic to Africa, shares some similarities with the South American anteater, the two are not related. Hearing and sense of smell is acute but eyesight is poor. Tongue is sticky and can reach 45cm (18in) from the mouth. Eats primarily termites and ants.

African Golden Cat - click the pic for more infoThe African Golden Cat is a medium sized cat and can grow to 90cm (35in) in body length and weigh up to 18kg (40lb). Apart from duika and other small antelope it is thought that the main part of the golden cats diet is made up of rodents, tree hyraxes and birds.

Andean Mountain Cat - click the pic for more infoThe Andean Mountain Cat is to be found in the high regions of Bolivia, Peru and Chile. The mountain cat is slightly larger than a big domestic cat, growing up to 60cm (24in) in length with a tail of some 70% of its body length.

Anole
Brown Anole
Green Anole

AntAnts can carry 10 times their body weight. Worker ants live one to five years; some queens live longer than 20 years. The biggest ant colony found was on the Ishikari Coast of Hokkaido: 306 million ants, with 1,080,000 queens in 45,000 interconnected nests over an area of 2,7 square kilometres (a square mile).

Armadillo
Nine-banded Armadillo

Badger
American Badger

Bats
Allen's Big-eared Bat
Big Brown Bat
Big Free-tailed Bat
Brazilian Free-tailed Bat
California Leaf-nosed Bat
Evening Bat
Ghost-faced Bat
Giant Kangaroo Rat
Hoary Bat
Jamaican Fruit-eating Bat
Little Brown Bat
Mexican Long-nosed Bat
Mexican Long-tongued Bat
Northern Yellow Bat
Pallid Bat
Rafinesque's Big-eared Bat
Red Bat
Seminole Bat
Silver-haired Bat
Southern Long-nosed Bat
Spotted Bat
Townsend's Big-eared Bat
Western Mastiff Bat

Bear
Polar bearThe Polar Bear, the world's largest land predator, prospers in the harshest environments. Males can be 3m tall and weigh 650kg (1,400lb), while females weight about 250kg (550lb). Single bears trek up to 5,000km (3,100mi) across icy seas and tundra in search of food.
Black Bear
Grizzly Bear

Beaver
American Beaver
Mountain Beaver

BeesThe Bee is a remarkable animal - they do not have ears, but they have an excellent sense of smell with chemoreceptors in their antennae. Bees see colours differently than we do. They are insensitive to red but detects ultraviolet light which is invisible to us.

Beetles

BettongFound in Tasmania, Bettongs weigh up to 2kg (4.4lb) and have a life expectancy of 3-5 years. Their diet includes seeds, roots, bulbs and insects. Bettongs breed throughout the year, with the young spending the first 3 months in the pouch.

BilbyOnce common Australia, the Bilby is now classified as vulnerable. The only other species, the lesser bilby, is extinct. Males are twice as large as females, growing to 55cm (21in) and weighing up to 2.5kg (5.5lb). Their large ears help keep them cool.

Birds
Birds do not sleep in their nests. They occasionally nap in them, but sleep in other places.

Bison
American Bison

Bobcat The Bobcat, although it does not bear the family name is a distinct species in the Lynx genus. Adult bobcats weigh about 12kg. Kittens have a weight gain of 25g per day and are weaned at about 12 weeks, becoming independent of its mother at about 10-12 months of age.

Bongo

Cape buffaloThe African, or Cape Buffalo is a member of the "Big Five", with the elephant, rhino, lion and leopard. Weighing 700kg (1,500lb), they are unpredictable, and dangerous if cornered. They have been known to ambush men and are often accused of deliberate savagery, but are placid if left alone.

CaracalMost abundant in Southern Africa, the Caracal is often referred to as the African Lynx or Desert Lynx, but is not related to the lynx. It grows up to 1m (3ft) in length and the male weighs up to 18 kg. It can survive for long periods without water, obtaining its requirement from the metabolic moisture of its prey such as small buck, sand rats and rock hyrax.

CaribouThe large, wild, elk-like Caribou, weighing up to 300kg (660lb), is found above the tree-line in arctic North America and Greenland. Caribou, related to the reindeer, have unique hairs which trap air providing them with excellent insulation. These hairs also help keep them buoyant in the water.

CatsCats

CheetahThe Cheetah is the fastest land animal at 95 km/h (60mph). Unlike other "big cats" it does not roar - however it does purr and make high pitched yelps, barks and chirruping sounds. They are found in Africa and in some parts of Asia.

Chimpanzee

Chipmunk
Allen's Chipmunk
California Chipmunk
Cliff Chipmunk
Eastern Chipmunk
Gray-collared Chipmunk
Least Chipmunk
Lodgepole Chipmunk
Merriam's Chipmunk
Panamint Chipmunk
Red-tailed Chipmunk
Townsend's Chipmunk
Uinta Chipmunk
Yellow-pine Chipmunk

Chuckwalla

White-nosed Coati

Coelacanth

Cooter
Peninsula Cooter
River Cooter

Cottontail
Eastern Cottontail
Desert Cottontail
Mountain Cottontail

Cow

CrocodileThe Crocodile, the most vocal of all reptiles, there are 23 crocodilian species. Nile crocodiles grow to 6m in length. Captive crodociles appear to have broader heads - a possible indication of their more sedentary lifestyle.
American Alligator
American Crocodile

Coyote

Cuscus Because of it size (70cm/26in) the Cuscus is often mistaken for a monkey. Rarely in a hurry, it has few enemies living in the tree tops of southeastern Australia. If threatened, it will strike with its front paws, barking loudly, usually scaring the intruder away. The cuscus has lifespan of up to 11 years.