Twelfth Century History

1100 Latin Kingdom established by Crusaders, protected by Knights of St John the Hospitaller

1107 Chinese money printed in 3 colors to stop counterfeit.

1111 Henry V crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Paschal II.

1119 Knights Templar Order established in Jerusalem.

1122 Concordat of Worms, the Pactum Calixtinum.

1123 First Lateran Council.

1124 Honorius II is elected pope.

1138 Saladin, a Kurd, born as Yusuf Salah ad-Din Ayyub in Tikrit, Iraq. Earthquake in Aleppo, Syria kills 230,000 people.

1145 Second Crusade led by King Louis VIII of France and Emperor Conrad III.

1147 Moscow built by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky.

1150 The temple complex of Angkor Wat built by King Suryavarman II in Kampuchea (formerly Cambodia).

1153 The world’s first restaurant opens in Kaifeng, China. (It is still operating.)

1154 Arab geographer Sharif al-Idrisi maps the known world while in the service of the Norman king of Sicily, Roger II.

1155 Map of western China printed (oldest known printed map).

1162 Genghis Khan born.

1172 King Henry II of England is declared Feudal Lord of Ireland by the Pope.

1173 Construction of the Leaning Tower of Pisa begins. Canute I Eriksson becomes King of all Sweden.

1174 Muslims capture Jerusalem.

1182 Magnetic compass invented. The type of ore that attracted iron was known as magnesian stone because it was discovered in Magnesia in Asia Minor. The discovery of the magnet’s use in determining direction was made independently in China and Europe, the latter by English theologian and natural philosopher Alexander Neckam.

1187 At the Battle of Hattin, Horns of Hattin, Muslim armies under Saladin wipe out the majority of the Crusader forces (led by Guy of Lusignan, also known as Guy of Jerusalem or Guy of Cyprus), reconquering Jerusalem and other cities. Saladin allows Jews to return to Jerusalem – the first time they would return since the Christians took the city in 1099.

1189 Richard I, known as Coeur de Lion or Richard the Lionheart, becomes King of England. Third Crusade starts.

1190 The Louvre Museum in Paris built as a fortress.

1192 Samurai, the warrior class, and Shoguns emerge as the ruling class in Japan and remained in power with little interruption until the late 19th century.

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02/04/2010. Category: history. Tags: , , , .

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