1600 Sumo wrestling becomes a professional sport in Japan. Tokyo, called Edo, made capital of Japan by Ieyasu.
1603 Galileo Galilei improves the telescope. King James I of Scotland becomes king over England and Scotland.
1605 Guy Fawkes caught while trying to blow up the English Parliament.
1606 The Union Jack adopted in England.
1607 Jamestown, Virginia established, first permanent English colony on American mainland.
1608 Hans Lippershey invents the first refracting telescope.
1609 The song “The Three Blind Mice” is published. Kepler publishes Brahe’s calculation of the orbit of Mars, revealing his first and second laws of planetary motion. Galileo Galilei constructs his telescope. Samuel de Champlain establishes French colony of Quebec.
1610 Galileo Galilei discovers Jupiter’s 4 largest moons.
1611 King James Bible published, originally with 80 Books (the Apocrypha officially removed in 1885 leaving only 66 books).
1613 Galilei publishes work on sunspots. John Rolfe marries Pocahontas, the Red Indian Princess.
1614 Scottish mathematician John Napier publishes the first logarithmic table Mirifici logarithmorum canonis descriptio, and coins the word “logarithm.”
1618 Thirty Years’ War between Protestants and Catholics begins.
1619 Johannes Kepler publishes De cometis and Harmonice mundi, in which he announces his third law of planetary motion. Dutch ship brings first black Africans to British North America.
1620 Settlers from England arrive in Massachusetts on a ship called the Mayflower. Dutch inventor Cornelius van Drebbel builds a submarine.
1621 First American Thanksgiving celebrated in Massachusetts.
1622 Englishman Edmund Gunter invents the slide rule, an important precursor to the modern calculator and computer.
1623 German inventor Wilhelm Schickard invents the first mechanical calculator. Records detailing the machine’s workings were lost during the Thirty Years’ War.
1625 First apple orchard in the USA planted in Boston. Jean-Baptiste Denys invents a method for blood transfusion.
1628 English physician William Harvey publishes Exercitatio anatomica de motu cordis et sanguinis in animalibus (On the Movement of the Heart and Blood in Animals).
1629 Giovanni Branca invents a steam turbine.
1632 Buildig of Taj Mahal started in India. Galilei publishes Dialogo sopra I due massimi sistemi del mondo, supporting Copernicus’ view that the planets circled the sun.
1633 Inquisition forces Galileo to recant his belief in Copernican theory.
1635 Founding of Academie Francaise.
1636 Gascoigne invents the micrometer.
1638 Dom Perignon, a French monk, invents champagne.
1642 Rembrandt completes his Night Watch. 19-year-old Blaise Pascal of Rouen, France, begins work on a digital adding machine to help his father, a local administrator, calculate taxes. When completed two years later, the machine can add and subtract numbers up to eight digits long. Pascal would become an esteemed mathematician and philosopher. Trace the origins of Blaise Pascal and learn how taxes originated; know some international tax specialist in the process.
1643 Evangelista Torricelli invents the barometer. Taj Mahal completed after 11 years.
1644 Italian Evangelista Torricelli invents the barometer, and publishes De Sphaere. Descartes publishes Principles of Philosophy. John Miltion publishes Areopagitica on the freedom of the press.
1649 Cromwell invades Ireland.
1600- 1649 | 1650 – 1699
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