ö俤٧

Թҧö俴¤ 500 ./. (311 /.)

Թҧ仵ҧ

.. 1815 öѡ͹Ӣͧ ʵ࿹ѹ仺ҧҧ 1.42 (4 ص 8 ) ѧҧͧҧöա 1.3 ૹ (觹) 繤ҧҵðҹͧҧö (1.44 4 ص 8 Ǥ)

͹ѹҤ 1830 ö Best Friend of Charleston ͡仵ҧöҷŹ 繡ùӷҧöԡ

öѡáҧԡҪ Tom Thumb ҧ»

.. 1888 ç . á ҧҧͧöҧ俿繤á դ 19 (12 ) Ԫ͹ öѡ俿á㹻 ..1895

ö俴繤á .. 1925 ǹö俴ŷǷشš Russian TEP80 273 ./. (147 /.)

ö TGV 001 ͧѧҹҡѧѹ դ٧ش֧ 318 ./. (198 /.) ѹ 8 ѹҤ 1972

ö TGV Atlantique 515 ./. (321.8 /.) ѹ 18 Ҥ ..1990

͹¹ 1999 öẺ 5 ͧ蹷 տ ҧʶԵš 552 ./. (345 /.)

öѡáǹöѡö¡͡ҡö

ö Eurostar
ö Eurostar 俿 12,200 ѵ㹡þҼèӹǹ 766 Թҧ¤ 300 ./. (188 /.)

TGV Atlantique
TGV Atlantique Ҽ 485 Թҧ¤ǡ 300 ./. (188 /.) 㹻 1990 ö俹դ鹨֧ 515 ./. (321.8 /.)

ͤ駷Ԫ ԷԤ öѡ͹繷ѡѹ 21 Ҿѹ 1804 ѹ§ 8 ./. (5 /.) 㹻 1815 ʵ࿹ѹ ѧ ҧöѡ͹ӧҹ繤áš ѺͧҹԹ 㹻 .. 1825 ҡҧöâ繤á ¤ 25 ./. (16 /.) ءѹ ööԹҹ¤ 500 ./. (311 /.) ¡ҺԹѹͧʡѺҧͧ

ͧäѺö

ͧäѺöԴͭö俪Թѹ繷ѡɳФ¡ع׹ѹ 1 Ҥ 1964 ѭѡɳѺԤѴ㹷ջ繤á ͷͧ öǡعͧ٨ŧ ѧյҴѺö俤٧ա

ͪǧ鹷ɷ 70 ҧö TGV (Train Grande Vitesse) ö俤٧Ẻͧ ѧաẺ ѹԧն֧ 350 Ẻ ICE3 ͧѹ ҧºѷ դǶ֧ 330 ./. (206 /.) ͨöʵ蹾Ҽ 700 仴¤ 300 ./. (188 /.) ҧʺ ͧǷѧҹ 12,200 ѵ ҧѷʵͧ͡ѹҧö俷ͧ໹зҧ¤ 350 ./. (218 /.) ǹ öʻմŷըը觵鹷ҧԴ-᤹Ҵ¤Ƕ֧ 360 ./. (225 /.) .. 2004 Ѱԡ öҨкԹ仵ҧ¤ 320 ./. (200 /.) з觻ȨչѧҧἹҧö俤٧зҧ 1,280 . (800 ) ҧѡ觶֧§ ѹǴ ö俤٧ѧ㹻ѧ Ե Ź ԵŹ ѹ 蹤繻ȷѡѹշشѺö俴ǹդǶ֧ 552 ./. (345 /.)

Ƿشʹ ö俤٧ͧáþѲ㹴ҹ͡Ẻҧ

ҧͧö TGV ҧ躹硡Ҽ͹͹յ ʹ躹Ǵ·ҧѹ˹ üҹҧҧзҧö¡дѺ ٧觷 ҧ 5 . (3 ) ѧҨдҡԹ ᷹öеͧ͢ѹͧ ö信Ѻ١ִҧ觶úǾǧẺͧ

տкö˹ҧѧ俿ҧ硵ǹӾɺöբǴ鹴Թ 硼ҹ仴¤٧ Դ˹ǹӡ俿㹢Ǵ 觨Ҿ俿ҪǢ šͷԴѧѡ硵ǹӾɢ鹴ҹ Դѧ֧硢鹴ҹ㹢ǡѹ ˵ع֧öտ¢ ¾ѧѡѹоѧ֧ٴԴҡ硨ТѺ͹öտ 仢ҧ˹Ҵ¤٧

úԹѹȨ

ԧöտʡѺҧ ǹӾɷö俹˹ҧ ǹö俫-ʵ˹ҧ 1 . (0.39 ) ö俪Թѹ繢ͧ˹ҧ 10 . (3.9 ) ö俪Թѹ繷͡͹ûѺاẺ¹ ¤ 100 ./. (62 /.) 觴¤٧ ҫǷ繨ѴЪŴ٭¾ѧҹʹ ǹöẺû硸Ҩ֧ѹ

ä鹤Ѻ Maglev 㹻 1962 С͹֧ 1970 ֡ǡѺкẺ electrodynamic 硵ǹӾɡٻҧ ·ͧ觤áͻ 1979 ͹ѹҤ 1986 öẺ 3 ѹ֡ʶԵԤ֧ 352.4 ./. (220 /.) ͹ѹҤ 1997 ö MLX01 Ẻ餹Ѻ件֧ 531 ./. (331 /.) Ẻ餹Ѻ 550 ./. (344 /.) 㹻յ ÷ͺöͧǹǹѹդѹ 966 ./. ͹չҤ 1999 ö MLX01 Ẻ 5 餹Ѻö¤ 548 ./. (342 /.) ͹¹ ö MLX01 Ẻ 5 餹ѺʶԵš¤ѹȨ 552 ./. (345 /.)

ѹشҧ?

ö TGV äẺ䴹Ԥ յǪäѺشءԹ ǹǧԴʡä 4 ѧյǪäͧ ͡ҡѧաҧἹҧкäҧ˹ǹѺö蹵 仴 ö Maglev ԸժͤǴѡǡѺâѺ͹ ʹ硵ǹӾ

鹷ҧͧö俤٧ǡͺ ҧеͧѺúاѡҾóʹ ҨԴ˵ءóö俵ҧ 蹡ö俹ҹҹءѹͺ 2 СռѺҴªԵҡ˵ءó

ö觴¤٧ ҹѭҳҡҧҧ ѧ鹢ŷѭҳж١ѧö俼ҹҧҧ价˹ҨͧѺöµç пѧѹҧ ͧö俤٧ǹҡФǺкԨԵ Ѻ繾˹ؤԨԵҧԧ

ö俪Թѹ E2 ͧ - ʧǹԢԷҾ 1998 DAJ Fossett
ö俪Թѹ E2 ٧觨ҡҡѧ
ԢԷҾͧ DAJ Fossett