First projection of an image on a screen
Joseph Necephore Niepce developed the world’s first photographic image in 1827. In 1839, Frenchman Louis Jacques Daguerre introduced a better photographic process and in the same year Englishman William Fox Talbot discovered the process of using negatives and positives to develop photographs.
American George Eastman invented the paper film roll for photography in 1885. In 1894, Americans Thomas Edison and W K L Dickson introduced the first film camera. In the next year French brothers Auguste and Louis Lumiere demonstrated a projector system in Paris, screening Sortie des Usines Lumière à Lyon, the first public movie. It was 46 seconds in duration.
A very early recorded projection of an image on a screen was made by a German priest. In 1646, Athanasius Kircher used a candle or oil lamp to project hand-painted images onto a white screen. In that year, he illustrated his methods on pages 129 and 130 of his Ars Magna Lucis et Umbrae.
Optic projection illustration, Kircher 1671 Ars Magna Lucis et Umbrae. Img Wikipedia
First projection of images on a screen
However, Kircher spoke of projected images made much earlier, citing images made by rabbis in the court of King Solomon, 970–931 BC.