English kings did not speak English for 300 years

Edward the Confessor grew up in Normandy, France while his half-brother Hardicanute was ruling England. At Hardicanute’s death in 1042, Edward took the throne and surrounded himself with his Norman favorites. In 1051, he named William, Duke of Normandy, heir to the English throne but it was taken by Harold II in January 1066.

Nine months later, at the Battle of Hastings, William conquered England, hence William the Conqueror. For the next 300 years, the rulers and nobility of England spoke French, not English.

william_the_conqueror_invades_england

The picture depicts William invading England, from Le Miroir Historial (Vol. IV) by the Dominican friar Vincent of Beauvais (c. 1190 – 1264?). Vincent wrote Speculum Maius (The Great Mirror), the main encyclopedia of the middle ages.

British royal family change last name

08/16/2010. Category: famous. Tags: , , .

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  • Mick.T

    Don’t talk cack you fool Edward Longshanks spoke English he even wanted to be named Edward iv in homage to the 3 earlier English kings named Edward.

  • Mick.T

    German? You backward idot, Germanic and it was a culture of tribes not a country, they were spread all over Western and northern Europe. Do you learn about anything you squawk or just blab anything like the retard you are?